Mindfulness refers to a set of psychological skills that allow people to be more in touch with the present moment, and to be able to handle negative thoughts and feelings more skilfully. Based on the premise that distress results from one’s reactive relationship to experience, the core skills are learning how to bring awareness to the present moment, and observe experiences with an attitude of acceptance and without judgement. Although mindfulness has only recently been incorporated into Western psychology, it is an ancient practice found in a wide range of Eastern philosophies, including Buddhism, and Yoga.
- Learning to be more present and engaged in the here-and-now
- Learning how to become less disturbed by and less reactive to unpleasant experiences (eg, negative thoughts and feelings)
- Mindfulness meditation exercises – meditation focusing on brining awareness to the present (eg, focusing on breathing, the senses, or body sensations)
- Working on breaking reactive cycles and unhelpful patterns
- Managing urges and cravings
- Improving self-acceptance and compassion
A large body of evidence has shown the effectives of Mindfulness in treatment of depression, anxiety, stress, along with many other conditions such as pain, disordered eating, and addictions.